[Section 3] [Section 2] [Introduction] [Documents] [Data] [Start]

2.4 References


2.4 References

Baldwin, M. P. and T. J. Dunkerton, 1999: Propagation of the Arctic Oscillation from the stratosphere to the troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 30.937-30.946.

Behr, K., K. Petzoldt, R. Scherhag, and G. Warnecke: Tägliche Höhenkarten der 25-mbar-Fläche für das Internationale Geophysikalische Jahr 1958. Meteor. Abhandl. F.U.Berlin, Band X.

Chanin, M.L. and V. Ramaswamy, 1999: Trends in stratospheric temperatures. In: Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 1998. WMO Report No. 44, Section 5.

Hoffmann, J., 2001: Die allgemeine Zirkulation in der Stratosphäre: Eine EOF--Analyse der Berliner Daten. Diplomarbeit, F.U.Berlin.

Labitzke, K., 1987: Sunspots, the QBO, and stratospheric temperatures in the north polar region. Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 535-537.

Labitzke, K., 1998: Die Stratosphäre: Phänomene, Geschichte, Relevanz, pp. 177. Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York.

Labitzke, K., 2001: The global signal of the 11-year sunspot cycle in the stratosphere: Differences between solar maxima and minima. Met. Zeitschr., 10, 901-908.

Labitzke, K., 2002: The solar signal of the 11-year sunspot cycle in the stratosphere: Differences between the northern and southern summers. J. Met. Soc. Japan, 80, in press.

Labitzke, K. and Collaborators, 1972: Climatology of the Stratosphere in the Northern Hemisphere. Part 1: Heights, Temperatures and Geostrophic Resultant Wind Speeds at 100, 50, 30 and 10 mb. Meteor. Abhandl. F.U.Berlin, Band 100, Heft 4.

Labitzke, K. and B. Goretzki, 1982: A Catalogue of Dynamic Parameters describing the Variability of the Middle Stratosphere during the Northern Winters. Handbook for MAP (Middle Atmosphere Program), Vol.5, Editor C.F.Sechrist, Jr., SCOSTEP Secretariat.

Labitzke, K. and B. Naujokat, 2000: The lower arctic stratosphere in winter since 1952. SPARC Newsletter No.15, 11-14.

Labitzke, K. and B. Naujokat, 2001: 100 Jahre Stratosphärenforschung in Berlin; Beiträge des Instituts für Meteorologie der Freien Universität Berlin zur Berliner Wetterkarte, SO 30/01, 31. 7. 2001.

Labitzke, K. and H. van Loon, 1989:~ The Southern Oscillation. Part IX: The influence of volcanic eruptions on the Southern Oscillation in the stratosphere. J. Clim., 2, 1223-1226.

Labitzke, K. and H. van Loon, 1994: Trends of temperature and geopotential height between 100 and 10 hPa on the Northern Hemisphere. J. Met. Soc. Japan, 72, 643-652.

Labitzke, K. and H. van Loon, 1995: A note on the distribution of trends below 10 hPa: The extratropical Northern Hemisphere. J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan, 73, 883-889.

Labitzke, K. and H. van Loon, 1999: The Stratosphere (Phenomena, History, and Relevance). 179pp. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York.

Langematz, U., 2000: An estimate of the impact of observed ozone losses on stratospheric temperatures. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 2077-2080.

Langematz, U., K. Krüger, M. Kunze, K. Labitzke and G. L. Roff, 2002: Thermal and dynamical changes of the stratosphere since 1979 and their link to ozone and CO2 changes. J. Geophys. Res., 107, submitted.

Muench, H. S. and T. R. Borden, 1962: Atlas of monthly mean stratosphere charts, 1955-1959: Part~I, January-June; Part~II, July-December. Air Force Surveys in Geophysics No. 141.

Naujokat, B., 2001: Stratosphärische Wintervariabilität. DACH (Deutsch-österreichisch-Schweizerische) Meteorologentagung, Sept. 2001, Wien.

Naujokat, B. and K. Labitzke, (Eds), 1993: Collection of reports on the stratospheric circulation during the winters 1974/75-1991/92. Solar Terrestrial Energy Program (STEP) Handbook, 301 pp., Urbana, Ill.

Naujokat, B. and M. Kunze, 2000: Meteorology of the stratosphere during the THESEO 2000/SOLVE winter - evolution and evaluation. Poster presented at the Science Meeting, Palermo, 2000.

Pawson, S., K. Labitzke, R. Lenschow, B. Naujokat, B. Rajewski, M. Wiesner, and R.-C. Wohlfart, 1993: Climatology of the Northern Hemisphere stratosphere derived from Berlin analyses, Part I, Monthly means. Meteorologische Abhandlungen, F.U. Berlin, Serie A, Band 7.3, Verlag Dietrich Reimer, Berlin.

Pawson, S., K. Labitzke, and S. Leder, 1998: Stepwise changes in stratospheric temperature. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 2157-2160.

Pawson, S., B. Naujokat and K. Labitzke, 1995: On the polar stratospheric cloud formation potential of the northern stratosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 100, 23215-23225.

Pawson, S. and B. Naujokat, 1999: The cold winters of the middle 1990s in the northern lower stratosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 14209-14222.

Scherhag, R., 1952: Die explosionsartigen Stratosphärenerwärmungen des Spätwinters 1951/52. Berichte des deutschen Wetterdienstes in der US-Zone, 6, Nr. 38, 51-63.

van Loon, H., R. L. Jenne and K. Labitzke, 1972: Climatology of the Stratosphere in the Northern Hemisphere. Part 2: Geostrophic Winds at 100, 50, 30 and 10 mb. Meteor. Abhandl. F.U.Berlin, Band 100, Heft 5.

van Loon, H. and K. Labitzke, 1987: The Southern Oscillation. Part V: The anomalies in the lower stratosphere of the Northern Hemisphere in winter and a comparison with the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation. Mon. Weather Rev., 115, 357-369.

van Loon, H. and K. Labitzke, 2000: The influence of the 11-year solar cycle on the stratosphere below 30 km: a review. Space Sci. Rev., 94, 259-278.

Waugh, D.W., W. J. Randel, S. Pawson, P. A. Newman and E. R. Nash, 1999: Persistence of lower stratospheric polar vortices. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 27191-27201.


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Stratospheric Research Group
Last modified: Mon Sep 2 13:07:20 MEST 2002